Effective leadership is seen as major source of management to sustained competitive advantage for organization performance improvement according to (Avolio, 1999; lado, Boyd and Wright, 1992; Rowe, 2001). According to Yukl (1989) most of leadership definition describe it as the idea of guiding followers to their goals while specifically, leadership is hard to understand but easy to perceive human activities. According (Smith, 2000 in Marn 2012) stated that “leadership is the process or activity of influencing an individual or group in effort towards
The transformational leader strategizes a plan that emphasizes collective identities. To accomplish the vision the leader will build confidence and optimism, while citing core values and ideals. The leader focuses on how best to communicate that the change desired is good for all and that the followers support is crucial to success. Roueche, Baker III and Rose, (2014) propose that a leader with passion can accomplish an immense amount of achievements, if they can inject energy into their followers. The leader would need to focus on the development of a plan that allows followers to view the future and create excitement.
the management successfully in his organization. Good leaders build a system that provide their employees to produce quality product and other services in a most efficient way. They always develop their mission statement very clear and give the clear direction and vision in the organization. Managing changes in any organization means that include people for work differently and give them motivation to change their behavior. The effective leaders utilizing different leadership’s theories to change the style of organization.
Leadership has roots that can be traced to the beginning of civilization and has evolved over time (Stone & Patterson, 2005). Research concerning leadership existed before the study of business and organizations because it assists in the understanding of the conduct of people (Christensen, Makay, & Whetton, 2014). Historically, traditional empirical research gives credit to formal leaders for developing creative strategies that impact organizations (Christensen et al., 2014). In studies prior to the 1900s autocratic (individuals who made decisions without consultation) and charismatic individuals such as politicians, religious personnel, and military personnel were seen as leaders (Boneau & Thompson,
He had great trust that servant-leader organizations could bring a transformation in the world. The servant leadership model is trending in the 21st century. Some qualities a servant leader should possess are: Stewardship: Holding the commitment to serve the needs of others as the foremost is the Listening: A normal leader would be a good speaker and an influential speech giver. But apart from these qualities, a servant leader possesses a unique quality- listening to others intently, which makes him stand out. Listening to your people is important if you want to grow collectively, working successfully towards a common interest.
Different people have different opinions on the concept of leadership. In the transformational leadership model, leaders set direction and help themselves and others to do the right thing to move forward. To do this they create an inspiring vision, and then motivate and inspire others to reach that vision. Being a good leader not only requires a lot of experience, knowledge, skills and acting efficiently, but also requires transparency, accountability and being ethical. According to Allio (2012) good leaders require both competence and integrity.
Every organisation has a leader, because he or she perceive and is accepted by followers as leader. Regardless of the type of organisation, leadership play an important role in establishing high performing teams and is one of the critical element in enhancing organisation performance. Leaders show different leadership style to help in the success of the organisation and can be defined under the following theories of leadership, transactional ( achievement-oriented), transformational( supportive and participative) and charismatic( gifted, supportive and participative) and explain those theories in detail. and further link them to a young charismatic leader who was an apartheid activist known as Stephan
The mission of a servant leader is therefore to identify the needs of others and try to satisfy these needs. The Servant Leadership paradigm takes a different approach to the leader-follower relationship. Serving the needs of the follower becomes a leader’s priority and an end to itself rather than a means to achieve organizational objectives. In some American firms in which servant-leadership has been practiced; Human Resources practices are driven by the following principles; 1. Openness and fairness 2.
Transformational Leadership Leadership is ability to inspire and maintain among the people who are needed to achieve organizational goal (Dubrin, 2007). Leaders ensure the position of organizational functions is aligned with external environment and then direct their followers towards it (Zaccaro & klimoski, 2001). Effective leaders plan the strategies and predict the future probabilities (Haider & Riaz, 2010). They can lead organizations to success by giving more attention to environmental changes, which in turn helps to set objectives and goals. One of the elements of leadership that contributes to leadership effectiveness is the style of the leader.
Leadership is an action of guiding a group of people or an organization towards achievement of a particular goal or objective Management is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives through effective and efficient use of resources available which includes planning, organizing, staffing, leading and taking control over an organization in attainment of the goal or target. Traditional theories of leadership are theoretical beliefs or customs handed down from generation to generation concerning leadership ability. Contemporary theories of leadership refer to theories that are on use for leadership in present times. Traditional theories of leadership and management Great