Vygotsky's Theory Of Cognitive Development

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Cognitive development is explained by the mental activities in age- related changes. Middle childhood allows the child to think in a more complex, intricate way compared to their early childhood as they are being exposed to much more. I support Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development in middle childhood as he is said to believe that culture and learning is the main reason for the development of cognitive ways. As Swartz, De la Rey, Duncan and Townsend (2011) state that Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory focuses on how culture is transmitted between generations.
By the time children reach middle childhood they have been exposed to a number of different social interactions with other children and adults. Children begin to grow in their cognitive development as they obtain different ways of thinking through older people with more knowledge. It is said that Vygotsky had a greater advantage over Piaget as he worked in a period of great social upheaval that put different social and ethnic groups into the same educational focus as explained by Kozulin (2003). The development of children’s higher mental process is said to depend on the interaction with people and the environment, therefore a child is exposed to higher processes which lead to an increase in cognitive development as Vygotsky’s theory is founded on real contact and interaction. As stated by Lloyd and Fernyhough (1999) children arrive at knowledge of the world through activity. Knowledge is learnt in a society which a
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