However, it should be noted from the experts that “in the last 10 years, the rate of bilingualism in Canada’s population decreased slightly for the first time since 1961, to 17.5 per cent in 2011. This drop suggests that “Canada’s bilingual nature did not necessarily go hand-in-hand with a bilingual population” (Statistics Canada, 2). It is true that the generation is changing, a surprising variety of people live in Canada and the culture obtain undergoing.
Majority of the individuals in Canada are immigrants, or come from immigrant origins. If it were not for the millions of individuals who have left their country to come to Canada in the hopes for a better life, Canada would never have prospered into what it is today. As a result of this fact, many immigrants are still faced with several hardships when they enter Canada. Immigrants coming to Canada believe that they will be able to keep their culture, identity and become successful in their lives. Such misleading hopes set immigrants up for a life of racism, discrimination, assimilation, prejudice and continuous disappointment.
There are several similarities and differences between America and Canada and in this paper I 'm going to discuss those things. Some of the similarities are both the US and Canada are Democrats and federal states. Another similarity is both have the same life expectancy 82 years of life. Some of the many differences are people Live in America for the most part speak one language, English. But, Canadians speak mainly to languages, French and English.
Source one, ‘Why immigration is a chequebook issue,’ is slightly biased with a belief that the Canadian immigration system is flawed and needs to be fixed. According to the article, Canada has an extreme shortage of workers with skill, even though to grow in this century it needs to become the best in advanced practices. Often, even immigrants who have lived in Canada for more than ten years are still hindered from gaining recognition to practice in various specific fields. As well, there is a gap in employment, housing and fair pay between first-generation immigrants and the rest of the community, gathering negative feedback. The source includes statistics, stating that: Canada’s income would increase by over $30 billion if the pay between
Along with multiculturalism, Canada is also known for their peacekeeping. Canada began peacekeeping in the fifties when Lester Pearson, Canada 's ambassador to the United Nations implied that the organization might create a peacekeeping force. The force is implemented whenever there is a war in a country and helps in negotiating an alternative solution. Canada is known for peacekeeping as "Canada has sent over 120,000 troops as part of UN peacekeeping missions" over the years, showing that peacekeeping is one of Canada 's identity. Furthermore, Canada "has the 2nd highest peacekeeping fatality with 114 fatalities," additionally proving Canada takes peacekeeping very seriously.
Multiculturalism is often seen as a defining aspect of the Canadian identity and the Canadian collective society. Many Canadians feel proud of Canada’s position on multiculturalism and the government 's cultural support system. Canada adopted its first policy concerning multiculturalism in 1971. The Canadian Multiculturalism Policy of 1971 was introduced to maintain the cultural freedom of all individuals and to recognize the cultural, diverse, and ethnic groups living in the Canadian society. In 1982 multiculturalism was recognized by section 27 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
50% of the world’s population include women, however, women continue to be underrepresented as citizens, leaders and elected officials. Despite economic prosperity and political stability as a first world country, Canada’s underrepresentation of women in politics is less than in many underdeveloped countries and thus, brings forth inequality in society as well. Statistics Canada shows that majority of students graduating from post-secondary are women, and this indicates that women should have equal opportunities that men do. Women are accounted for 56.3% of total enrolments in Universities in Canada, which is compared with 43.7% for men. These numbers have remained relatively stable over the past decade with female graduates representing 58% of the total number of graduates in 2012 as well.
While the official policy of multiculturalism was adopted in Canada in 1971, Canada has been culturally and ethnically diverse even prior to the arrival of the European settlers and colonists due to the vast number of Aboriginal groups and native languages (Berry 2013). In order to understand why the policy of multiculturalism has been successful in addressing Canada’s ethno-cultural diversity, one must first understand the varying definitions of multiculturalism. The Government of Canada defines multiculturalism as “fundamental to the belief that all citizens are equal…That all citizens can keep their identities, take pride in their ancestry and have a sense of belonging… It gives Canadians a feeing of security and self-confidence, making
Despite progress, almost half of the world’s employed people work in vulnerable conditions. Children and women continue to suffer with very less improvement and promise. The delegation of Canada thinks that achieving poverty reduction goals should be facilitated through loans sanctioned by the IDB and its collaborative members. With the MDG coming to an end, Canada urges other nations to come up with modifications for better results by 2030. Canada lists out 5 major areas in which improvement will help reducing poverty.
Jerome Black and Lynda Erickson in article studies Canadian cases to analysis if voter bias contributes to the underrepresentation of racial minorities in the national legislatures of diverse societies. The representation in Canada’s House of Commons of the minority ethnic population has improved in the past two decades. Nevertheless, some minority groups remain under representative. They also assumed that minimizing the gap by pressure does not help to make a signify differences in anytime soon. They discussed about the voter bias in the article.
A country’s social security system is very important, as it directly relates to the happiness and wellbeing of its citizens. During this time period, Canada’s social security system advanced greatly, specifically with the Canadian Pension Plan and the Medical Care Act. Although an Old Age Pension Act was already introduced in 1927, this program only provided benefits for seniors who had an annual income that was less than $350. With the economic improvement following World War 2, seniors faced the problem of inflation because their pensions were tied to minimum income levels rather than the cost of living. In 1951, Louis St. Laurent fixed this issue by introducing the Old Age Security Act and Old Age Assistance Act, the first pensions that
Since November 2015, Canada has accepted nearly 34,00 Syrian refugees. Mexicans will be able to travel freely to Canada on December 1, which is when Ottawa will drop its Mexican visa requirement. Although it may seem like Trumps victory in the U.S. election seem like a huge negative effect on Canada, there are some positive points. Trump has a plan to boost the U.S. economy by creating 25 million jobs, therefore increasing growth through tax cuts. This could help raise Canada’s economic fortunes by a
From then until now, has the government improved our land, or slowly destroyed it? Over the years, each different leader, and each different party have dealt with, debt, drought and poverty, therefore, the government may be sinking us into a deep, dark hole of problems and concerns. Back in 1969, Pierre Trudeau, had Canada in a good place with a deficit of only $677m, until in a matter of about a year, there was a deficit of $10.9b. That is a crazy
Even when they are living in cities with high poverty rates, the average citizen of that city tends to be better off than people of visible minorities. Western European immigrants tend to have poverty rates lower than the city’s average poverty rate. While alternatively visible minority immigrants tend to have a poverty rate higher than the average poverty rate of the city. The authors also compared poverty rates of immigrants with their age at when they immigrated to Canada. They found that people who immigrated to Canada when they were 10-19 years old are more likely to be poor than immigrated during earlier or later years of their lives.
British Columbia has a decent minimum wage compared to other provinces and territories. Our minimum wage is $10.80, which is the sixth lowest in Canada. The median minimum wage across Canada is currently $11.30, 50 cents higher than our minimum wage. Each of the provincial candidates have very different views on our minimum wage. Our current premier Christy Clark (Liberal Party) has already pledged to raise our minimum wage to $11.25, but has now decided to increase it to $11.35 by September 20th.