Distillation Essays

  • Fractional Distillation

    862 Words  | 4 Pages

    Separation of Liquids by Fractional Distillation and Analysis by Gas Chromatography Methods and Background This lab was exceptionally knowledgeable and important in order to understand how certain compounds can be separated based on their boiling points (Landrie, 43). This experiment in particular focuses on understanding the separation of 1:1 mixture of acetone and 1 propanol using the method of fractional distillation (Landrie, 43). In the previous experiment, we focused on understanding the

  • Fractional Distillation Procedure

    872 Words  | 4 Pages

    a insoluble solid which is what we did) either with a tool or with your hands. We had four insoluble solids in our mixture and we used our fingers to remove each of them Distillation After we got the insoluble solids out by using Physical Means, we then used distillation to get the soluble solid out of the mixture. Distillation is a separation technique used to separate a soluble solid from a liquid and the liquid being kept. To do this, put 10-15 mL of solution in a test tube and secure it to the

  • Lab Report Of Distillation

    746 Words  | 3 Pages

    Ossaili - 7654795 Synthesis Lab – Experiment 1: Separation By Distillation The objective of this experiment is: • To use simple distillation to purify liquids. • To experience the limits of simple distillation when it comes to separations. • To use fractional distillation to separate mixtures of liquids. Method used: Distillation 1 – Distillation of an organic liquid containing a non-volatile coloured impurity • The distillation apparatus was assembled in regards to the instructions given

  • Distillation Lab Report

    1300 Words  | 6 Pages

    familiarize the students with the procedures regarding distillation—to be more precise, the separation of ethanol from an alcoholic beverage—using a distillation set-up consisting of boiling chips, a Bunsen burner, a condenser, a thermometer and several other materials. In the end, it was discovered that one may actually separate a homogeneous mixture, given that the components of said mixture differ in volatility and that they utilize a complete distillation set-up and follow laboratory safety rules and

  • Oil Distillation Lab Report

    919 Words  | 4 Pages

    Rediet Legese iLab Week # 6 CRUDE OIL DISTILLATION Introduction: The aim of this week lab experiment is to experiment distill crude oil and to check how temperature determine the chemical properties of crude oil plus how the boiling point can also show physical properties. They are two major finding in this experiment. he first finding was the point at which the raw petroleum is heated to the point of boiling, at 275 0C, the gas and kerosene oil are refined, however the oil (lubricant ) stays

  • Fractional Distillation Essay

    1237 Words  | 5 Pages

    Fractional distillation was performed in this lab to separate a mixture of two miscible liquids with a difference in boiling points of less than 40 C, and to predict their identities. After that, gas chromatography was used to confirm the identities of the two liquids in the unknown solution, and to obtain the ratio of the composition of the solution with respect to these two liquids. Distillation is a separation technique that relies on two substances having different boiling points, so that one

  • Essay On Fractional Distillation

    740 Words  | 3 Pages

    What is fractional distillation? Fractional distillation is a method of separating miscible liquids using heat. This technique is used for the separation of liquids which dissolve in each other. Several simple distillations are completed during fractional distillation using only one apparatus. During the process a mixture is separated into several parts called fractions. Mixtures contain different substance with different boiling points, the differences in boiling points is the main reason fractional

  • Effectiveness Of Simple And Simple Distillation

    1938 Words  | 8 Pages

    the effectiveness of Simple and Fractional distillation in separation of solid impurities from liquid and liquids with difference in boiling point higher than 25⁰C. The distillation curves of both processes were graphed on each case and compared. The main source of possible error was discussed and the way to improve the experimental procedure was proposed. It was concluded that the Fractional distillation is more efficient procedure than Simple distillation in liquid separation. However, in case of

  • Lab Report: Fractional Distillation And Gas Chromatography

    1784 Words  | 8 Pages

    Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography (Investigative) Kevin Dural The University of Texas at Austin Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography (Investigative) Data and Results All data and results are attached. Included are carbon copies of written data and printed gas chromatography data. Discussion The purpose of this experiment was to identify two unknowns and their ratios in a given mixture. The identities of the unknowns were two of either acetone, methanol, hexane, cyclohexane

  • Fractional Distillation Lab Report

    1098 Words  | 5 Pages

    Aim The purpose of this experiment was to use fractional distillation technique to separate cyclohexane and toluene. Background Information Distillation is a technique which is used for separating two or more volatile products based on differences in their boiling points. Distillation can be used to separate a volatile solvent from a non-volatile product and separate a volatile product from non-volatile impurities. Simple distillation consists of a round-bottom flask, a distilling head, a condenser

  • Essential Oil Lab Report

    1394 Words  | 6 Pages

    to the soxhlet extractor containing the plant material. The cooling water will be turned on for the condensing unit. The extractors with the flasks will be placed on a heating mantle. Once the solvent boils the solvent vapor will travel up the distillation arm. When it condenses, it will drop on the solid substance contained in a thimble and extract the soluble compounds. When the liquid level fills the body of the extractor, it will automatically siphon into the flask. This process will continue

  • Distillation Lab

    370 Words  | 2 Pages

    Date: Abstract I. Introduction/Motivation: The objective of this experiment was to characterize the behavior of a distillation column running in continuous mode. Two types of liquids were separated: 2-propanol and methanol (at 25 mol% and 75 mol% respectively). The motivation of this investigation was to achieve 85% of methanol recovery from the distillate. II. Methodology: The distillation column was analyzed theoretically using McCabe Thiele to establish the number of stages required for separation

  • Essential Oil Essay

    957 Words  | 4 Pages

    Grades of Essential Oils Essential oils come in different therapeutic grade. Standardized – essential oils that have been modified from their original state. Pure – essential oils that are extracted from a plant using one of the two methods – distillation and cold-pressing. Some trace elements within these oils have yet to be detected or identified. This feature makes essential oils unique from a synthetic or reconstructed version. Fractioning – distilling, which is done at low pressure and can

  • Eugenol Case Study

    2388 Words  | 10 Pages

    3.1. Materials and microorganisms Eugenol (99 %); Coniferyl Aldehyde (98 %); Ferulic Acid (99 %); Vanillin (99 %); Vanillic Acid (99 %) were obtained from Sigma Aldrich. Methanol used for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis was purchased from Merck and was HPLC grade. All the other chemicals used were of analytical grade and commercially available. The Pseudomonas fluorescens NCIM 2100 bacterial strain was obtained from National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms (NCIM), Pune

  • Gas Chromatography In Alcoholic Beverages Lab Report

    967 Words  | 4 Pages

    ionisation detector, is exact and more specific than methods usually used. The gas-liquid chromatography method determines ethanol clearly and separately from the other beverage components that would have interfered in other methods, without any distillation or need for a chemical reaction. Determination of ethanol is one of the most vital routine analysis in a current winery. This method provides frequent, rapid and accurate results are needed to regulate the quality of the wine from grape to bottle

  • Essay On Reflux And Distillation

    743 Words  | 3 Pages

    Methods of purification – Reflux and Distillation There are many ways of purification however reflux and distillation are two widely used methods. Having a similar apparatus makes it simple and easy to use both methods together. Heating under reflux allows a reaction mixture to be heated for a set amount of time without loss of products, reactants or solvent. Distillation is done to refine or isolate the substances from each other. When preparing an ester (an organic compound) the reactants are heated

  • Disadvantages Of Jojoba Oil

    738 Words  | 3 Pages

    Jojoba oil is known as the Gold of Desert and is produced from the seeds of jojoba plant. The jojoba plant is a desert shrub found in the arid regions of the Mexico, Arizona and California. It is extracted as a liquid wax and then later refined into the odorless and colorless jojoba oil. The plant gain famed from its moisturizing and emollient properties, and properties that balance hair and skin by keeping them hydrated. And this oil is widely used in cosmetic and skin care industry. Skin

  • Gas Chromatography Abstract

    3251 Words  | 14 Pages

    Abstract Gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is an important technique which is used for the analysis of mixtures. In these instruments the mixture allows mixtures the instrument allows mixtures to separate in each components and determine the amounts of components present in sample. By using GC and HPLC we can analyzed a very small (microliters) sample. The sample which we want to analyze by GC must be volatile. The vaporized sample is allowed to flow in along

  • Phospholipids Analysis

    855 Words  | 4 Pages

    CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHODS: After successful extraction of phospholipids from their source analysis can be performed for the detection of specific phospholipids. This section will discuss chromatographic methods used for the analysis of phospholipids. All systems of chromatography consist of a stationary and mobile phase. A monster placed on a stationary phase, i.e., a solid or a liquid, and the mobile phase, a gas or a liquid, is allowed by modifying the system. The components of the sample will be

  • Gaseous Products Lab Report

    1176 Words  | 5 Pages

    In this experiment, Analysis of Gaseous Products, a comparison between the elimination reactions created in the presence of an acidic and basic conditions was observed to be further analyzed through gas-liquid chromatography. These conditions were achieved by acid-catalyzed dehydration of a secondary and primary alcohol and based-induced dehydration of a secondary and primary bromide. As a result of these changing eliminations, gas-liquid chromatography makes it possible to separate and isolate volatile