They were part of the Anglican religion. Those in Massachusetts were puritans and looking for a place where they would be free from religious persecution. Wealthy people who could afford the boat journey and did not have to become indentured slaves went for a more settled life. In 1616 John Rolfe imported tobacco seeds to Virginia, as the plants needed long and hot humid seasons. The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground.
The dominant theme that best describes the history of colonial America is the search for economic opportunity. In the 17th century, sixteen to twenty- year- old men were motivated to travel to America to escape the hardships in Europe. Although, some would stance that the colonization of the Americas was purely exploration or religious freedom, we see the first interactions in New America was with economic motives. A majority of people today view early American history as families uprooting from England for religious freedom and new opportunities; however, the pilgrims and puritans were the smallest percent of immigrants. The original colonization of beginning America consisted of young enslaved men with nothing to lose attempting to escape the hardships of Europe, and a vast majority of African Slaves.
Britain had previously passed the Sugar Act that was not bringing in steady revenue to settle its debt, so another law was proposed called the Stamp Act (Goldfield, The American Journey, vol. 1, 125). The Stamp Act “required all valid legal documents, as well as newspapers, playing cards, and various other papers, to bear a government-issued stamp, for which there was a charge” (Goldfield, The American Journey, vol. 1, 125). This law immediately angered colonists.
In 1607, the first permanent British colony was established in Jamestown in Chesapeake Bay region by the Virginia Company, a joint stock company that received a charter from King James I and sold shares to raise funds. The colonist, led by Captain John Smith, settled at the mouth of the James River. Early years were difficult, the colonists faced conflicts with natives, starvation, and difficulties finding stable sources of food and support. Experiments with tobacco proved successful and the exportable commodity became Virginia’s main source of revenue, providing many of its landowning gentry a comfortable lifestyle throughout the next century and beyond. Half of the settlers in the southern colonies came to America as indentured servants-labors
F) Many Englishmen brought over indentured servants from Europe who served as the foundation of the labor force for plantations. Soon enough, ¾ of the population in the south colonies were made of indentured servants. The northern colonies did not turn to agriculture but instead turned to fur trading, commerce, and fishing. Unlike the south who worked only for money, the northern colonies worked to make just enough for themselves to survive. According to Wage and Price Regulations in Connecticut, 1676, the government regulated the prices so all the colonists were not too rich or too poor.
In the 1600`s century Virginia was full of wealthy plantation owners who all bought land in the tidewater area in Virginia. The governor at that time was Sir William Berkeley. Berkeley limited voting to people who owned property; he also exempted himself and his councilors from taxation. Due to his actions it sparked burning anger from the backcountry farmers who live west of the tidewater area. Moreover, many backcountry farmers wanted to expand their land and many free indentured servants wanted land too, but the only land available near Virginia is the Native American territory.
Although all the colonists all came from England, the community development, purpose, and societal make-up caused a distinct difference between two distinct societies in New England and the Chesapeake region. The distinctions were obvious, whether it be the volume of religious drive, the need or lack of community, families versus single settlers, the decision on minimal wage, whether or not articles of agreements were drawn for and titles as well as other social matters were drawn, as well as where loyalties lay in leaders. New England was, overall, more religious than the Chesapeake region. Settlers in New England were searching relief for religious persecution in Europe. Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom.
The New England colonies that settled in North America were predominantly composed of the Puritans, which originated in the rectification of protestant in England. Furthermore, they were the first of the English colony to bestow legal authorization to slavery, recognizing human captivity was acceptable in 1641. Hence, the 1641 bylaw is not purposely aimed for a certain tribe or ethnic group. During that period, there were also white men that were prisoner of war that were sold in some parts in the Caribbean. On the other hand, the Chesapeake colonies (including Virginia and Maryland), who made its mark during the 17th century composed of 70 to 85 percent white settlers were actually “Indentures”, meaning, that they are indebted to whomever
Northern Carolina and Southern Carolina Northern Carolina and Southern Carolina were very different. In Northern Carolina their main crop was tobacco instead of rice and many of the early settlers came from Virginia. The sounds were not deep enough to permit seaports, so the northern settlers kept their ties to Virginia in order to have a port from which they could ship tobacco. In Southern Carolina their main crop was rice and Indians were the first slaves the southern settlers had, and later African Americans took their place. Three counties that were in the Southern Carolina is Berkeley County, Colleton County, and Craven County.
The British gave colonists many reasons to leave during the 1700’s. While there are many reasons the colonists were justified in leaving Britain, one of the main reasons was unfair taxation on colonials to make Britain money. Another reason was Britain creating their own propaganda to demean the colonists’ idea to create a new government. Furthermore, the British would strip the colonists of many of their rights. Finally, Britain would constantly deny any attempt to find peace between the two countries.
I learned that Puritans claimed land that belonged to the natives just as other European settlers. This increasingly became a problem as the Puritans further disrupted the native lifestyle (Corbett 83). Further, the Puritans attempted to convert the natives to Protestantism Christianity just as the settlers in attempted to convert the natives to Catholic Christianity. To sum it up, “the Puritans often treated Native Americans with a brutality equal to that of the Spanish conquistadors and Nathaniel Bacon’s frontiersmen” (Henretta
No one reason can be given for any event in history—in colonial times, North America was settled for a multitude of reasons. Although escape from religious persecution or the desire to expand a religion was one reason, economic concerns and the want for wealth comprised the majority of Britain 's intent to settle colonies in North America. Early European exploration of Asia and Africa was driven by trade and economics; because religion was a large part of daily life back then and into the years of American settlement by Europeans, explorers would cite it as their inspiration. The earliest settlements were motivated by an economic depression in England. Later, the first colonies of New England were settled by wealthy Puritans looking to create
It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent. This only brought the farmers into more debt with which their tobacco could not render enough profit to get them out of. According to William Allason, the poor farmers were dedicated to lowering the duty on slaves as low as possible as opposed to shutting down the slave trade altogether, for the farmers needed hands to cultivate their product. (Holton, 71) Britain sided with the gentry’s opponents which were the poor farmers. This example of camaraderie between the British and the poor Virginians establishes the farmers’ stance on independence; despite the troubles they have had with the economy, the poor farmers are so bad off that they would rather turn to Britain (home of the Parliament that imposed sanctions negatively affecting the economy) for aide in lowering the duty on slaves.
There is one major difference between the two. Religion in the Southern Colonies was not as enthusiastic as it was in the Northern, New England colonies. While most colonists were what they called Anglicans, their faith would lay in their tobacco plantations and not necessarily a god. The same was for the founder of Maryland who was catholic. But just like in other southern colonies, religion eventually became less important than tobacco in Maryland.