Bullying is a widespread problem in our schools and communities and has a negative impact on students’ right to learn in a safe and secure environment without fear. It is a process in which one person repeatedly uses his/her superior strength or influence to mistreat, attack or force another person to do something (Van der Werf, 2014). Bullying or peer victimization is now recognized as a complex and pervasive problem (Beran, 2009). It is an ongoing problem that is not restricted by age, race, gender or class. This behavior generally takes one of four forms, physical such as assault, verbal which involves threats or insults, social which entails exclusion or rumor spreading, and cyber which includes aggressive texts or social network posts …show more content…
In the low self-control theory, the phenomenon of bullying is similar to many other kinds of social crime and considered bullying as a serious problem in relation to students’ safety in school and a threat to students’ academic achievements (Moon et al., 2008). According to this theory, parenting practices are said to have a significant effect on children’s self-control, which in turn affects deviant and criminal behavior (Moon et al., 2008). According to the differential association theory, bullying behavior is more likely the result of the association of children with delinquent environments. Several studies have examined the relationship between delinquent peer association attitude toward violence and bullying (Moon et al., 2008). In the general strain theory, three types of strain were proposed; strain as the actual or anticipated failure to achieve positively valued goals, strain as the actual or anticipated removal of positively valued stimuli and strain as the actual or anticipated presentation of negatively valued stimuli to individuals. According to this theory individuals experience negative reactions and emotions, especially anger, when they are treated unjustly. Individuals who experience physical/emotional abuse, maltreatment, rejection and/or anger are more likely to …show more content…
In addition, Mehta et al. (2013) found that when students perceive that bullying and teasing are widespread in their school, they feel less safe and become less engaged in their school experience. As a result, they have less commitment to doing well at school and they are less likely to participate in school activities. Victims report lower school performance and school attachment (Schneider et al., 2012).When bullying and victimization are prominent features of the classroom environment it is evident that children are susceptible to having low academic achievement. According to Ladd et al., children who are regularly ill-treated by their peers experience negative psychological consequences, which can deter their involvement in the classroom and diminish their academic achievement (Espelage et al., 2013). Therefore, bullying and victimization threaten a safe learning environment for children. This compromises their school attendance, school involvement and consequently their academic achievement. Basch (2011) indicated that violence and aggressive behavior have a negative impact on academic achievement by adversely affecting cognition, school connectedness and
In a survey that was conducted, students were asked several questions about bullying one of the questions was ; Have you been cyberbullied anytime in your life? About half of the the students surveyed said that at one point in their life they had been a victim of online bullying. ( Doc A.) .Showing that it’s a real problem in most schools. In addition to that the U.S Department of Education had stated “ Many state departments of education and local school districts have taken steps to reduce bullying in schools.
Bullying is a major issue facing today’s youth. Over the course of the past few years bullying has become such a concern that many states have adopted laws against it. However, the issue evolves as time goes on and now cyber bullying exists. Cyber bullies can insult others over the internet with no need to be nearby the person they are insulting.
Recently, bullying has been becoming more and more of an issue. It’s gotten so bad that one out of four kids deal with it. Currently, bullying is worldwide. There’s no place where it began, because it’s pretty much human nature. Many people are trying to stop it, whether by using zero-tolerance policies, small punishments, and more, however, nothing has worked so far.
Social phenomenon can be attributed to the theory symbolic interaction is bullying in the community where experienced by students in primary, secondary or university level. This scenario is already happening because of many factors that contribute to social ills is valid. Consensus president of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA), Assoc Prof Datuk Ali Hasan, said the general public, including parents, teachers and the community should not feel comfortable, especially when there is a proclaimed that the problem is under control, while in reality it exists. "Alarming scenario, if only in the first of bullying among secondary school students, now even primary school pupils involved, first only boys, but now involving female students. "Before, we used to hear cases of bullying occur at a boarding school, but now it also occurs in religious schools.
Theoretical Framework This study is postulated on the theories, concepts and principles regarding on Workplace Bullying and its impact on employees productivity and performance. According to Einarsen’s conceptual framework Model (see Figure 1) of the nature and cause of workplace bullying (Einarsen 2003; as cited in Einarsen, 2005), three elements can describe the causes of workplace bullying: individual, social and organizational. Hoel and Stalin (2003; as cited in Lewis, 2004) suggested that there are four antecedents to organizational causes of workplace bullying, namely: the changing nature of work, how work is organized, the organizational culture, and leadership. The changing nature of work can be attributed to globalization, mergers and the current economic recession, among others (McCarthy, 2003).
Bullying has been named an “emerging public health issue requiring intervention” (Ansary, Elias, Greene, & Green, 2015, p. 27). As a major problem in schools around the world, the issue of bullying must be addressed in order to keep students physically and emotionally safe. The act of bullying not only affects the well-being of the person being targeted, but it also affects the rest of the school community too. It can be difficult for teachers, principals, and superintendents to make an ethical decision about what to do when bullying occurs because there are misunderstandings about what bullying is, leading to the improper identification of situations.
Bullies are usually stronger and victims are usually perceived as weaker and unable to protect themselves.” (Masterson,1997) Bullying expands in many aspects of everyday life; from schoolchildren and teenagers, to adults , working environments and even spouses and family members. Considering that the first signs of bullying appear among schoolchildren, we should examine it in its infancy, that is, bullying in early years and school life, which in turn becomes with the passage of years violence and in some cases even crime. As far as bullying at school is concerned, “one definition is that a student is being bullied or victimized, when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time , to negative actions on the part of one or more other students.”
Annotated Bibliography Sarahi Ali Gutierrez Nevada State College Annotated Bibliography Annotation 1 Piskin, M. (2002). School bullying: definition, types, related factors, and strategies to prevent bullying problems. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 2(2), 555.
Although bullying etiology is well documented, there may well be a direct link between delinquency and bullying (Moon, Hwang, McCluskey, 2011). The subject matter of delinquency among adolescents is well researched among criminological theorists, but more importantly, there is at least some belief that criminological theory may be able to explain causations of bullying (Moon, Hwang, McCluskey, 2011). Perhaps bullies are made as a result of learned behavior, victimization, strenuous environments, or other reasons. Some of the theoretical research on crime may in fact supplement the research that is already known about
Bullying is an undesirable, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves actual disparity of power. According to Megan Brooks bullying is a serious public health problems, with significant short-and long-term psychological consequences for the child who is bullied and the child who is the bully. This only tells us that bullying can lead to difficulty that a certain children may experience and will have either short or long term problem. “Bullying has long been tolerated as a rite of passage among children and adolescents, but it has lasting, negative consequences and cannot simply be ignored.” Committee chair Frederick Rivera, MD.
Schools with effective approaches educate their students on bullying, and create strict guidelines to follow with serious consequences if not followed. Granada Hills Charter High School has a strong anti-bullying policy, where students are required to adhere to a series of rules which strictly enforce bullying. Should a bully be present, the school enforces strict “disciplinary action if the bullying action negatively affects the school environment, the victim’s attendance, the victim’s feelings about him- or herself, and/or the learning experience” (Granada Hills Charter High School). If a student were to experience these effects, then the bully would be held to specific consequences such as counseling, detention, a parent-student dean conference, referral to school police with possible arrest, suspension, or recommendation for expulsion. The University of North Carolina conducted a systematic review of different anti-bullying policies, and concluded that “anti-bullying policies might be effective at reducing bullying if their content is based on evidence and sound theory and if they are implemented with a high level of fidelity” (Hall).
Name: Syed Saheemuddin Topic: Bullying Thesis Statement: Bullying has long been a practice witnessed in schoolyards and classrooms across the country. To varying degrees, bullying has been proven to cause anxiety and depression in teens. Today's generation of teenagers, however, experience a heightened sense of fear due to increases in violent bullying behavior Background: Bullying is most common way if showing hatred toward others in today's society. family genetics play a big part because the type of behavior a child is raised upon, most likely he will end up doing the same things.
Bullying in Schools What seems fun and harmless for some students, is painful and degrading to others. Bullying has been a critical issue around schools, but before it was not as dangerous and know as it is now. These do not means bullying was not happening, it means it was not taken into consideration by parents or teachers. They thought it was just peer pressure or a kids game, and sooner or later the kids would be friends again. At one point, bullies think it’s normal to be mean and abusive to other students.
For example if bulling continues at school and school doesn’t take action on this attitude, the entire school can be affected. Student may get anxious and tend to not like school. As the adults don’t take action and try to prevent bulling, children may feel that teachers and other school staff have little control over the students and don’t care what happens to them. Moreover Students who witness bullying can also be affected. They may feel guilty for not helping or scared that they will be the next target (gomasa, n.d.).
Bullying is defined as repeated oppression, physical or psychological of a less powerful individual by a more powerful individual, people or group. It consists of three main types of abuse which are physical, verbal and emotional. Bullying in schools is a common and worldwide spread problem that can have critical and negative implications on the general school climate as well as on the right of students to study in a safe and secure environment without fear. Many people believe that bullying is part of life, happens in all schools and so it’s not an issue to worry about and that it lets individuals know what life is all about as it toughens them but in reality bullying is a detrimental problem that affects most school going children and teenagers physically, emotionally and socially.