Employee Morale In The Workplace

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Employee morale, in human resources, is defined as the job satisfaction, outlook, and feelings of well-being an employee has within a workplace setting. Proven to have a direct effect on productivity, it is one of the corner stone’s of business.

Long used by the military as a "mission-critical" measure of the psychological readiness of troops, high morale has been shown to be a powerful driver of performance in all organizations. Extensive research demonstrates its benefits in productivity, profitability, customer satisfaction and worker health. By measuring morale with employee surveys many business owners and managers have long been aware of a direct, causative connection between that morale, (which includes job satisfaction,
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Here are a list of advantages and disadvantages:
• When employees are satisfied with their jobs, they are motivated to work harder and contribute the best of their abilities toward the achievement of organizational goals.
• They feel appreciated, important and significant members of the organizational chain and as such, they are ready to maintain a positive action with their colleagues, clients and anyone they come in contact with.
• By putting their best face forward, not only they are more attractive, but they are also able to complete their tasks more efficiently.
• Compared to employees who are motivated, disengaged workers are less efficient, miss more workdays and cost their employers thousands of dollars in lost
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The employee morale is a very complex phenomenon and is influenced by many factors. Different authors like McFarland, Bradshaw and Krugman, Roach and Applewhite have given different criteria for the determination of morale. On the basis of all these classifications, the important factors in the determination of levels of morale are as describe below:

1. The Organization: The first factor affecting the employee morale is the organization itself. The organization influences the worker 's attitudes to their jobs. The public reputation of an organization may build up for better or worse, their attitudes towards it.

2. The Nature of Work : The nature of the work, the worker is expected to perform also affects his attitude towards job as well as his morale. If the employee is expected to perform routine or specialized job, he will feel bored and alienated, Repetition of the same task again and again makes the working situation worse. Another factor is the large impersonal organizational structure. Sometimes, if the employee feels that he is just a cog in the machine instead of a person; his morale will become very low. Lack of understanding of organizational goals may also affect the morale. Another factor which causes low morale is the assembly line operations moving at a constant

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