In particular, the top-ranked motivations were selected for the analysis of motivational differences towards three specific segments: age, gender and region. As mentioned above, many researchers have attempted to capture the underlying tourist motivations for travelling to various destinations. However, there is a lack of research done on travel motivations for visiting the UK towards market segmentation. This research tries to fill the knowledge gap by analysing the ‘push’ and ‘pull’ motivational factors and testing the relationships between the identified motives and specific geo-demographic variables. The findings of the study can contribute to the future research on travel motivations and help tourism organisations in the UK better understand tourist behaviour.
This interpretation has been used to describe ‘sustainable tourism’ as well, which is often viewed as a sub-set of sustainable development. This interpretation however, lacks consideration for social and ecological impacts, instead only focusing on economic changes. Nonetheless, because of the widespread adoption of this interpretation, it has become the basis of comparison among other definitions of sustainable development (Imran, Alam & Beaumont, 2014). Sustainable tourism is tourism that is implemented and maintained, in a way that allows its long-term presence without damage or change to the environment in which the place exists to a point where it will hinder the progress and stability of other operations by stakeholders (Wahab & Pigram, 1997). Sustainable tourism requires people to take a long-term approach in monitoring economic activities to determine the need for continued economic growth, and if that growth will impact a destination such that it is unable to provide for future visitors (Theobald, 2005).
Industrial Rivalry influences the existing companies entrants to limit the number of barriers which increases their production cost. Meanwhile, their cost of production unit is gradually decreasing to brought new comers in the competitive tourism market industry(Johnson et al., 2008). Competitive advantages are being affected by the existing marketing capital requirements, economy of sales and independent cost of properties who can be accessed by the distribution channels and government policies are being imposed to newcomers. The purpose of these obstacles or the disasters are to protect the industry for working on a smaller scale with the high percentage of cost in order to retain loyal customers in the tourism industry. Though it is the most significantly enhanced, consistent and industrial predictor for maximizing the profit ratio which can found in the barriers (Rothaermel, 2008).
Moreover, tourism development can cause economical pressure to the government. The developers might want to develop infrastructures such as roads, airports and lodging system but at the same time, it is a challenge for the government due to huge amount of money for the taxpayers. In addition, some problems might come up because of seasonal tourism. Since seasonal tourism is not long terms, it can create unemployment during the off seasons which affects economically. Lastly, the countries which are directly focusing on tourism for the national economy have a huge risk of economic disaster.
State-promoted tourism established an economic setting in which cultural forms are readily packaged as market commodities. Local people participate in the tourist industry out of economic necessity and/or political pressure. (Edited by Michel Picard and Robert E. Wood. Tourism, Ethnicity, and the State in Asian and Pacific Societies,1997: University of Hawai’i Press p.218 ) After declined of tin-mining era, state conducted direction of economic development in Phuket province. Turn the tin-mining town to tourism destination.
The primary data are help to gather valid and reliable data in order to make clear the political influence of tourism. Secondary data are used to looking for information to solve, to explain the research and understanding. The result showed that the tourism in Kenya are obtained more attention and participate in the government's economic contribution. At the same time also reflects the government in tourism strong political influence. In the Hall model are used to evaluate the decision making process and the impact on the tourism industry, and using two different periods for 2002 to 2007 and for 2008 to 2012.
It explains on matters of the mass, experience and sensations due to the constant changes due to global development giving further insight of the linkage with other industry and how tourism ensure sustainability. The article use a qualitative approach souring data from various websites and articles. Data research looks at the tourism operation with the other industry and from different sector of tourism and different countries like China, Brazil and others. According to the article “The globalisation of tourism is the result of a more general trend of growing economic globalisation and technological advancements in communications and transportation.” This new prospect enforces tourism managing with a global approach and companies designed on linkages where management faces two precise source and demand drivers. Global demand drivers require developing different segments of global mass tourism while the offer drivers relate to corporate transfer pricing and sustainability policies, often-opposing forces, but always correlated with short- and long-term profit.
An example of this is the Chitwan National Park, which only hire local residents because it helps to benefit the economic of the country. It showed that tourism also help to develop and improve local services and infrastructure, such as rebuilding of highways and roads positively impact both of the locals and tourists who come to visit. However tourism has some negative effects, including rising prices in cities and towns experiencing mass tourism. If businesses realize they can get more money from tourists, the price of property, goods and services will increase.
Many researchers and academics rather focusses on the impacts and benefits slum tourism has, rather than the meaning and the adoption of the term. Slum tourism has a wide scope and diversity, the understanding should be clear on why (motivation), how and when tourists engage in slum tourism. Tourism itself is an important phenomenon and how it links to slums/townships or favelas should be conceptualised and practiced. Slums are linked to a vast array of unwanted ideas, views and situations.Slum tourism creates themes around areas, especially around busy cities. Tourism will not end poverty, or rather in this case slum tourism will not end poverty (Schorr, 1964).
Tourism has many advantages and disadvantages for any county in the world. I will discuss in my essay benefits of tourism in economy, social and environment in Oman and another countries. Nowadays, a major economic force in the world economy is tourism. Some countries depend of tourism economic sector more than anther sector. This economy change level of economy in some countries.