The effect of tourism on under developed nations, which was always debatable, has now become more controversial. The substantial influence of tourism has sparked the controversy over the potential impact of this on impoverished nations in recent years. As such, with its advantages come correlative disadvantages too some of which are equally as severe as the upsides. In this essay, I will delineate them all with pertinent arguments and examples before deducing a quintessential conclusion.
Mass tourism concerns all those activities that include shifting of large groups of tourists, high volume of sales, utilization of holiday packages and development of infrastructure and transportation systems. After the second World War, mass tourism increased substantially. Its first real boom, mainly experienced by the western countries, was related to the economic development of society and to the increase in number of tourism services and recreational opportunities. Throughout the years, tourism has impacted positively on the world economy and on the countries’ national balance of payments. As estimated in Francisco Vellas’ economic analysis, today world tourism represents over 45% of tourism 's total contribution to GDP (Vellas 6). In addition, the tourism industry accounts for the creation of new jobs, especially for young people. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has estimated that tourism generated 253 million jobs
Tourism has experienced continued growth and extensive diversification and competition on the last decades, becoming one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world and by consequence, one of the main income sources for many developing countries.
According to McNeely (1998) and Mbaiwa (2003), tourism is known as the largest growing industry especially in the area of job creation, improve quality of life to host community, improving local economy and many more (Mochechela, 2010).This is because tourism industry is one of the largest industries where host resident can get the economic benefits where both skilled and unskilled people can be employed. Economic impact usually can directly bring benefits to communities. However, even though the economic benefits are popular with the tourism impact, the negative side still need to be taken with caution.
According to the World Tourism Organisation, tourism is both an economic and social phenomenon. The big questions are: Why is tourism so important to develop? How to develop tourism in order to generate economic, social and cultural positive effects and at the same time minimise its negative social and environmental impacts? It’s possible to achieve these two benefits at the same time?
The expenditures spent by the tourists, the import and export of the related goods generate income to the national economy and can further stimulate the investment necessary to finance growth in other economic sectors of country. Some of the countries such as Bhutan seek to accelerate the finance growth by requiring the visitors to pay certain amount of foreign currency per day of their stay and it is not refundable. For some of the regions or countries, tourism is an important source of their welfare as it is the main source. If the country is a remote island, the way to build up the country economy is mainly dependent on their tourism industrial. According to the World Travel & Tourism Council on year 2012, the country that ranked first in the top tourism-dependent countries is Macau, which is an island on the western side of Pearl River Delta, China. In Macau, the direct contribution of Travel and Tourism to the total GDP (gross domestic product) is 46.7%. Thus, this also leads the Travel and tourism contributed approximately 51% to the total employment of the
The definition of the word “Tourism” is different source by source, person by person. There is no specific definition for it. Each institution defines “Tourism” in a varied way. Firstly, tourism is related to several groups which involving in or are affected by tourism industry. Their perceptions are crucial to the development for the definition of tourism. Therefore, tourism may be defined as the activities, processes and outcomes by the relationship and interaction among the tourist, government, suppliers of the tourism, the host communities and the environment that surrounding the destination which involved in attracting and accommodating of the visitors (Goeldner & Ritchie, 2009).
Tourism is an important source of income and industry for many countries. It can be a vital economic player as it can have an effect on both the source and host countries. Generally tourism is an activity where people travel for a limited time period, which can be a domestic or international destination. This type of travelling is usually done for recreation, family or business purposes. Globally, people choose to travel to different parts of the world, and some are
David J. telfer & Richard accept that tourism impact destinations in developing countries, where the difference in cultural and economic characteristics between local people and, primarily, relatively wealthy western tourists is likely to be greatest (WTO 1981). At the same time in respect it would be considered unfortunate for tourism not to have some socio- cultural consequences on destinations; as a catalyst of development, tourism is usually promoted with the purpose of economic and social betterment. Moreover, tourism is seen by some as a means of achieving greater international harmony and understanding (WTO 1980) although, perhaps inevitably, it is the negative (and, frequently, emotive) socio-cultural impacts of tourism that attract
The time is a very valuable asset, that anyone can ever posses. The time people spend for something is unconsciously defining what is valuable and valueless for them. Few of the main areas, human beings spend time for are leisure and tourism. (reference, some psychology book and leisure)
Tourism is the income of people from one place to another place for vacation, but it can also be for business or entertainment. Tourism can either be international or domestic. Tourism has an influence on any country, either it’s for a positive impact or a negative impact. An example one might consider includes that the tourism in that individual country could possibly increase the income and positively improve the economic aspect of the country, but tourism can also negatively impact the environment. Tourism can also affect the population living in the country due to the amount of tourism which furthers the idea of more jobs need to be created for the new tourists. Of course, the impacts of tourism on the country as well as the people in that country can be positive or negative. Those impacts can either last a long time for example the environmental can be negatively affected, or it can also be a short-term affect for example the economy of that country can be improved by a lot, but it wouldn’t always be positive for a long time.
“Tourism Behaviour understanding includes the idea and knowledge of the different factors which are by no other means very obvious because the effects which do shape the activities and tastes of tourism are often highly embedded in the cultural and the personal biography of the individual that the whole of subject is not known of how actually they were made.” (Seaton, 1996).
The main concept is to provide number of quality services to the tourists, who planned their trip through a travel and tourism firm.
The growth and prosperity gained from globalization yields many positive attributes. Tourism, industry, and mining are positive points when it comes to boosting both local and foreign economies. However, different perspectives will yield different outcomes. For example, tourism to a third world country such as South Africa can be equally adverse to the local tribes and their customs. I witnessed such an occurrence first hand on a recent trip when my group visited on particular village along the Kasane River. Although living in poverty-stricken conditions, the tribe's people no longer donned cultural attire but wore apparel from Western Civilization and relied on tourism income from the dime store quality nick-nacks they sold to make a few dollars.
The tourism industry contributes significantly to the worldwide economy, employing 200 million people and representing 10% of global GDP (Socci, 2016). International tourism is defined as a person or group of people temporarily visiting a foreign country and the activities they partake in while abroad (Filiposki, 2014). Socci expands on the definition by identifying ten primary sub-industries that combine to form a more aptly named tourism “cluster.” These sub-industries include: accommodation services; hotel and restaurant; food and beverage; land transport; water transport; rail transport; air transport; supporting transportation services; recreational, cultural, and sporting services; and retail and country-specific tourism (2016). In 2014, foreign tourism generated $1409 billion, which was 30% of global service exports (Filiposki, 2014). It is important to note that economic statistics of international tourism are difficult to measure with complete certainty, as it is challenging to distinguish whether revenue is generated from incoming tourists or citizens of a designated country. Both tourists and locals