Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were similar in that both were dictatorships. Both Mussolini and Hitler came to power through legal means and believed that people were divided into either inferior or superior races. For example, Hitler was obsessed with the Aryan race and called for the genocide of Jews during WWII. In addition, both Mussolini and Hitler favored the wealthy, believed that an individual was meaningless and must submit to the decisions of their leaders, and aimed at self-sufficiency so that each could survive entirely without international trade. Furthermore, Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy “had aimed for prestige and power for their countries, and brought instead humiliation and destruction” (Tarr, R.,
Joseph Goebbels, the German rulers’ propaganda chief, helped propel Hitler to national leadership in 1933. Joseph does this by pulling in support from all over the country and strong powers on the outside as well. By the use of propaganda the Nazis will influence the supports for anti-Semitism and later on the movement against other countries. Goebbels intentionally capitalizes “WE ARE ENEMIES OF THE JEWS BECAUSE WE BELONG TO THE GERMAN PEOPLE. THE JEW IS OUR GREATEST MISFORTUNE” to emphasize on that if you’re a German citizen you are against the Jewish religion.
In Tacitus’s novel “Germania,” the writer illustrates how abstract and different the people of Germania were compared to the rest of the Roman empire. The essence of being German defined who you were in the eyes of Tacitus. The story presents ethnic/racial markers throughout to define the people of Germania. Tacitus uses the category of race to define the people of Germania by explicitly explaining the features of being Germans as an ethnic group, and by analyzing how ultimately Germans were different from Romans. At the start of the novel, Tacitus broadly explains how racially pure the inhabitants of Germania were compared to the rest of the world.
Hitler was a fascist and wanted to destroy communism and democracy. Mussolini was a fascist as well and joined Hitler. Totalitarianism allowed these government to be in full control while their citizens had little rights. Hitler was able to strip the Jews of rights and dictate over decision makings. The government, doing whatever they pleased, took over more and more territories without anyone successfully stopping
Across the world , various ideologies were followed , totalitarianism and fascism were no exception .Most of ideologies today are mixtures of the ideologies that were followed before. In my essay I will talk about fascism and totalitarianism and their leaders. These two political systems definitely have differences , but there are some similarities as well , especially when it comes to the ways Hitler and Stalin controlled their countries. Both were considered as powerful dictatorial leaders. Their influence was so great that historians find it complicated to separate the system from the man referring to Stalin`s Soviet Union and Hitler`s Germany.
A clear aspect of what makes a state totalitarian is having one strong ideology and Nazi Germany perfectly covers this criterion. The government of Nazi Germany was a fascist state. The Nazi ideology uses biological racism and antisemitism, Nazi fascism’s ideology included a racial theory which praised the Aryan race and denigrated those who did not fit this race. Extreme nationalism was encouraged which called for the unification of all German-speaking peoples, the use of private paramilitary organizations to stop and terrorize the opposition, and the centralization of decision-making by, and loyalty to, a single leader. All of these aspects of Nazi ideology contribute to the idea that Nazi Germany was a totalitarian state.
This act is used in political movement, and became very popular over the years. Mussolini founded fascism in 1919 and used it all through his ruling. He allied Italy with Nazi Germany and Japan in World War Two. ”“Mussolini chose Giovanni Gentile, a noted Italian philosopher, as his minister of education. Gentile reorganized Italy’s school system.
Source B describes, “2. Symbolism: Names or symbols are given to those classified as ‘different’. Jews living in Nazi occupied Europe were made to wear a Star of David.” This statement emphasizes the idea that the government is making the Jewish population stand out, and they are influencing other Germans to mistreat anyone with a Star of David on their clothes. Thus, the government persuaded the population with the idea that Jewish people should be mocked and
People with disabilities, Jews, homosexuals, blacks, and others became the germs under the microscope to be eliminated in order to save the [Aryans]” (Rubenfeld 2). Since Jews had their own rules and customs, they were seen as threats to the orderly German society. Many social issues had been happening from the end of World War I in 1918 to the early 1930s in Germany. Germans were unhappy that Jewish-owned stores were more prosperous than German-owned establishments. They were also angered by the fact that Jews gained powerful positions in society rather than Aryans and that they made decisions Germans didn’t always agree with.
“A major priority of the Nazi Party was to eliminate racially inferior groups in Germany and across Europe. Discuss how and why they did this” The Nazi part prosecuted many racial and social groups during their reign from 1933-1945. The Nazi party followed their beliefs that there was a superior race called the Aryan race and used Charles Darwin’s theory of Social Darwinism to prosecute these groups. In this essay I will discuss the prosecution of the Jewish people, the homosexuals and the gypsies (Roma) and how and why they did this.
Q7. The Fascist nations were extremely powerful during their time, along with the strong leadership they provided. Fascism is a political movement which promotes extreme forms of militarism and nationalism. It includes the denial of individual rights and dictatorial one-party rule. Fascism has several characteristics; for example, social, chief examples, basic principles, political, economic, and cultural characteristics.
Throughout history, people have sought after a way to better and further the evolution of mankind. Most methods proved to be controversial and practiced poorly. Eugenics, a science based on improving the human population and condition through selective reproduction, is one of those methods. Many issues, such as the infamous concentration camps of Nazi Germany, surfaced across the early to mid-twentieth century. Cases such as this serve as a reminder of the dangers of putting the task of bettering the human race into the wrong or ill-informed hands by showing that the science behind genetic improvement has the potential to be abused.
“No human race is superior; no religious faith is inferior. All collective judgments are wrong. Only racists make them,” said Elie Wiesel. The Holocaust took place during 1933 to 1945 primarily in Germany and Poland, but later spread to other areas of Europe. The Holocaust was deemed the persecution of millions of races, consisting mostly of Jewish families.
“Nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind” (Albert Einstein). Around the time of the World Wars, different leaders used nationalism as a persuasive tool to gain absolute power. Many leaders were able to obtain power in America, China, and Germany and help the citizens restore pride and confidence in one's country. For example, President Woodrow Wilson of the United States used his vision for a democratic legislation and world peace to unite the Americans.