Prevention is a method that focuses and aims at reducing the condition of a disease or limits the implications associated with a disease and result in improving and preserving the populations’ health(1). Four different types of levels can lead to this method. Which are Primordial prevention, Primary prevention, Secondary prevention and Tertiary prevention. Generally, Primordial prevention is to minimize the risks that may threaten a patient’s health(1). Like, controlling the aspects that may have a negative impacts on an individual.
Simply by understanding how people become sick or injured, they are providing a great service to mankind in general and helping to protect communities from future health issues. They are able to describe the history of a disease, how it originated and how to control it. The study of epidemiology is an art, a science, and necessary to our understanding of the overall health of the general
Antibiotic medications have saved many people’s lives. Unfortunately antibiotics are no longer as effective in stopping pathogenic bacteria infection. Currently there is an antibiotic resistance crisis since may bacteria have become or are becoming resistant to all of the antibiotics developed. Instead of researching new antibiotics, which will continue to promote antibiotic resistance, antibiotic stewardship should be promoted specifically dealing with preventing infections, monitoring antibiotic prescription, and developing laboratory tests that provide accurate results faster. Hospitals need to reduce the infections contracted during patients stays in their facilities.
Communication about patient safety can be categorized into: prevention of errors and responding to effects caused by errors (adverse effects). The use of effective communication techniques amongst health care team can help in the prevention of errors, whereas ineffective communication contributes immensely to its occurrence. If ineffective communication contributes to an unfavourable event, then better effective communication skill must be applied to achieve the most favourable or optimum patient safety. There are different approaches and techniques in which healthcare personnel can work to improve patient safety and they include both verbal and the nonverbal communication as well as effective use of appropriate communication technologies. Bramhall (2014) highlights that common barriers to effective communication for patient include environmental such as noise, lack of privacy and control, fear and anxiety, inability to explain feelings and exerting oneself to appear strong whereas healthcare professional barriers include lack of time and support, staff conflict, lack of skills to adequately cope with patient’s questions and overwhelming
Primary prevention level prevents future diseases such as providing vaccinations. Secondary prevention is the early detection and treatment such as annual exams and pap smears. Tertiary prevention is preventing the progression and complications of established disease such as providing education for diabetics and asthmatics. Interventions are considered of preventing health risks. As discussed above, primary prevention is to prevent a disease before it occurs.
Prevention strategies have greatly reduced the amount of deaths caused by HIV. These strategies include PrEP, PMTCT, male circumcision, and HIV education programs. Ongoing developments of HIV vaccines indicate that in the future there will most likely be a cure for HIV. 1. Introduction
As service providers it is important to provide secure, healthy and safe environment for the service users, yourself and colleagues. There are many methods on how to implement precautions by taking considerations on the users and the effects it might have on them. As practitioners it is vital to consider when to carryout safety measures that will help in accident prevention. Understanding various legislations will therefore, help one to safeguard their users and ways they can be improved. There many laws and legislations when dealing with health safety.
Air pollution alone is responsible for around 50% of such deaths. One of the best solutions for this problem is improving access to clean energy. It not only fuels economic growth, but also decreases millions of deaths from respiratory and cardiovascular disease associated with air pollution. This can be achieved along with fulfilling their promises under the Sustainable Development Goals by taking steps to reach the inclusion of a target for reaching universal health coverage by ensuring financial risk protection, access to quality essential health care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for global population (WHO,
Essential life-saving drugs have also been developed for leading no communicable diseases such as ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease. Essential drugs save lives and reduce suffering, especially for impoverished populations. 3. Essential drugs increase the credibility of a health system and promote patient participation. 4.
As defined by the World Health Organization, infection prevention and control aims to decrease the spread of infection amongst those who are vulnerable to acquiring disease, both in the general community and in the hospital setting. They have defined the basic principle of infection control as better hygiene (“WHO | Infection control,” 2013). Infection prevention and control encompasses patients and healthcare workers, including physicians, nurses, and staff. It ranges from needle stick and sharp objects injuries, to cross contaminations between patients, to staff’s hand hygiene, and to nosocomial infections. Numerous studies worldwide are conducted to quantify the means of infection spread in order for prevention and better management.