Conditioning is used in our everyday life with or without us knowing. There are two different type of conditioning, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. When I was younger I fell behind on my shots, so I had to go to the doctors and get five shots just to be updated on my shot records. When we arrived at the hospital I was still unaware of what was going to happen. We went into the doctor’s office and the nurse came in. After having a conversation with us she began to prepare the needles and clean my skin. I was still unaware of what was going on until she gave me the first. I immediately began to scream not knowing there were four more shots the I had to still get. After fighting my way through the last four shots I automatically disliked the nurse, doctor’s office and, hospital. I was given a lollipop after all my shots but that did not …show more content…
They took an eighteen-year-old inmate who had vegetative responses. He did not make noises, chew food, or move his limbs. He obtained a serious disorder after he had a seizure after he was born. There has been improvements documented over the past year of movements that progressed into more frequent movement. Here is how: every time the inmate raised his arm in a vertical position, his behavior was reinforced by an injection of sugar-milk into his mouth. The movement of his arm began minimal. But after several sessions, the experimenters had conditioned the inmate to move his right arm vertically at a much higher frequency than the few sessions. This is operant conditioning because the inmate learned to behave in a certain manner due to of some type of change in the environment (which reinforced the desired behavior). And also, because it led to a reward. The difference between my example and the article example is that one wanted to trigger a behavior while the other wanted to stop a behavior. They both used food as a rewarding
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Operant conditioning is accredited to a psychologist named B.F. Skinner. He is well known for his operant box experiment, also known as the Skinner Box. The Skinner Box is this experiment was used to train rats to tap a lever to collect some type of recompense, like a sugar pellet. Skinner discovered with his rat experiment, that animals could be trained to
Operant conditioning means that behaviors can be increased or decreased based on their consequences, therefor a reward can increase the frequency of a desired behavior, in this case toothbrushing (Sanderson, 2013). In my case I wanted to a short-term reward, so I decided I would reward myself at the end of each successful week. With my gathered information and knew knowledge, I began trying to change my health
Operant conditioning is a condition in which the desired behavior or increasingly closer to the approximations to it are followed by a rewarding or reinforcing stimulus. “The fundamental principle of operant conditioning is that behavior is determined by its consequences. Behavior does not occur as isolated and unrelated events; the consequences that follow the actions of an animal, be they good, bad, or indifferent, will have an effect on the frequency with which those actions are repeated in the future,” (Laule 2). A reinforcement strengthens a response, reinforcement
Operant conditioning is a type of learning process where the strength of a client’s behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment. Dr. Foxx’s work with Harry is an example of operant conditioning because of the techniques he used with different levels of consequences, for example time out and physical reinforcements. With that being said Dr. Foxx used Harrys restraints as both positive and negative reinforcements. In addition, some of the examples Dr. Foxx used to work with Harrys problem behavior
This is the idea that people's behavior is based off of the consequences and reinforcements one receives. Slater agrees when she says, “Operant conditioning- a cold phrase for a concept that might really mean we are sculptors and sculpted, artist and artwork, responsible for the prompts we fashion.” (29). I making this comment Slater is agreeing that people are always in one of two positions. One is either the controller, giving reinforcements, or the controlled receiving the consequences they are given for their actions.
As part of the nursing program, I had the opportunity to spend a day observing in an outpatient surgery unit. As I entered the unit, I noticed it had two hallways and in each one, there was a nursing desk. The patients originally arrived at the admission area downstairs and then escorted to the second floor where the unit was located. Once checked-in into the unit, they were placed in a room until the preoperative process was finished and the surgical team was ready. The role of the nurse was to assess the patient before and after the procedure, ensure that all information was correct and updated, and monitor for any complications.
Paper 1: BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION Becky Templin Clovis Community College February 17, 2018 Introduction The theory behind behavior modification ethics has a reputation for its accomplishments and disappointments. In addition to this, there are many dangers in using physical punishment as behavior modification with the two primary modifiers of behavior being Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning. The outcome of using negative reinforcement has its share of benefits and downfalls in human behavior whereas; positive reinforcement seems to win over.
Conclusion Operant conditioning is a theory which was developed by an American psychologist named B.F. Skinner. This theory has been known as a learning process. It applies to four different methods, that consists of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment and negative punishment. In this case positive is seen as something being added and negative as something being taken away.
Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke the response without the presence of the naturally occurring stimulus. The two elements are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response. 2. Operant conditioning Operant conditioning (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that
1. B.F. Skinner: Behaviour modification Positive and negative reinforcements or rewards and punishments are used to modify or shape learner’s behaviour. B. F. Skinner’s entire system is based on operant conditioning. The organism is in the process of "operating" on the environment, which in ordinary terms means it is bouncing around its world, doing what it does. During this "operating," the organism encounters a special kind of stimulus, called a reinforcing stimulus, or simply a reinforcer.
Reinforcement and punishment are methods used in operant conditioning and both can be positive and negative but work in a unique way. Positive means you are adding something so you increase a behaviour and negative means you are taking something away so you decrease a particular behaviour. Reinforcement Reinforcement is used to help increase a specific behaviour in the future and if done correctly this behaviour will increase, occurring more frequently as the child develops.
Basically, operant conditioning involves reinforcement or punishment as the way of changes in behaviour or pattern permanently. Operant describes as voluntary response of living organism. The individual response is affected by the later consequences. In short, it is just an easy process of learning that tends to response more when the outcome is manipulated. Operant conditioning was found by Polish neurophysiologist Jerzy Konorsky.