Arguments Against Standardized Testing

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Standardized tests are tests that are used to compare the relative performance of individual students or groups of students. A standardized test requires all test takers to answer the same questions, or a selection of questions from a common bank of questions, and is scored in a “standard” or consistent manner. These questions are usually in a multiple-choice or true and false format which can be scored quickly and consistently, but can also include short-answer questions, essay questions, or a mix of question types which are more time-consuming to evaluate consistently. Previously, standardized tests were paper-based, for instance OMR sheets were used for multiple choice tests where test takers were required to fill in their choices using pencils and these answer sheets were then read by OMR machines. Some tests are still paper-based but as technology advances, standardized tests are increasingly being administered on computers connected to online programs that make correction easier, quicker and relatively inexpensive.

Standardized tests are used for a wide variety of educational purposes. They
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One of the common complaints is that standardized tests can be passed by rote memorization and do not require any long-term retention. Those who oppose standardized tests argue that the tests can only measure simple facts that can be memorized. Critics of standardized tests say they squander creativity and that they don’t measure valuable qualities such as critical thinking, motivation or leadership. But tests assessing advanced understanding and judgment do exist. They may, for instance, require respondents to select the best idea from a group of different and compelling positions. They may require respondents to identify the best reason for action, the best interpretation of a set of ideas, or the best application of important
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