Burnout Syndrome In Nursing

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Introduction Burnout syndrome is common in the healthcare field. Burnout syndrome has been research by many, many of the research has been geared towards nurses to determine how prevalent burnout syndrome is. Emergency care nurses face vast challenges related to the care that is demanded by the patient. The amount of stressors and burnout syndrome are linked, the more stressors the nurse is exposed to the higher the risk for burnout syndrome becomes. Burnout syndrome has an adverse effect on the organization, the nurse, and the patient. The question to be answered by this review of research is, In emergency care nursing, are the rates of burnout and fatigue higher than those of other types of nursing?
Discussion
The Maslach Burnout Inventory
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(2017), nurses are among the highest rates of burnout in health care but, emergency nurses are at an increased risk for burnout. (Harkin & Melby, 2014) Although, Harkin and Melby have found no significant difference between medical nurses and emergency nurses related to burnout syndrome but concludes that there is an emotional toll in both fields of nursing. In 2017, Gómez-Urquiza, et al. found that burnout symptoms that may be present are insomnia, weakness, irritability, depression, and hostility towards self, co-workers, or patients. Arrogante and Aparicio-Zaldivar (2017) state that occupational stressors among critical care nurses are fear related to the uncertainty of patient treatment plans, and an growing number of incidences of exposure to the suffering, death, and dying of patients. Other researchers such as Harkin and Melby (2014) have found that burnout is linked to staff turnover, reduced productivity, and absenteeism, which may be used as a form of stress management for the nurse. A large amount of risk factors of burnout syndrome among…show more content…
Gómez-Urquiza, et al. used 13 different studies from various countries compiling the rates of the three categories used in the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Of the studies used, 20-44% of emergency nurses reported high emotional exhaustion, 23-51% reported feeling depersonalization towards their patients, and those nurses with a feeling of low personal accomplishment were between 15-44%. The rates among emergency nurses are comparatively even with those of intensive care nurses. The workloads of emergency nurses and intensive care nurses differ significantly but both types of nurses are predisposed to develop burnout syndrome. Among intensive care nurses, 61-67% had symptoms of emotional exhaustion; depersonalization towards patients was reported by 44-49% of intensive care nurses, and low personal accomplishment among intensive care nurses was 50-62%. Emergency care nurses are exposed hostility of patients including verbal and physical abuse towards staff, lack of experience, and outside of the work place my experience a lack of social or financial support increased exposure to any

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