Coping Strategies In Nursing

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Background: Coping strategies play an important role in reduceing stress and consequently, increasing the general health of people. Given the stressful nature of the nursing profession and the importance of nurses ' health to provide patient care, conducting studies to identify stress and coping strategies are required. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of stress and coping strategies to predict the general health of nursing staff working in Guilan University of Medical Sciences’ health centers in 2016. Materials and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study carried out by participaton of 318 nursing staff working in health centers of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected through multistage cluster…show more content…
Based on psychological theories, coping strategies play an important role in reducing stress and, consequently, increasing the general health (9). The studies have shown that coping with stress is more important than the nature of stress and the more appropriate stress-relieving method is applied, the damage caused by it will be less (10). In other words, the use of appropriate coping strategies could prevent the occurrence of stress-related diseases (11). There are various coping strategies (12). According to Endler and Parker, coping strategies can be divided into three categories of task- oriented, emotion oriented, and avoidant strategies. The task-oriented strategy requires obtaining information about the stressful situation and its possible consequences. People who use this strategy are trying to prioritize their activities with respect to their importance and to manage their activities timely. The emotion oriented strategy involves finding ways to control emotions and trying to be hopeful when facing stressful situations. People using this strategy, while controlling their emotions, may show feelings like anger or disappointment. The avoidant strategy involves denying or minimizing stressful situations. Individuals who use this method, consciously rebounding tension thinking and replace it with other ideas…show more content…
In recent years, there are an increasing interest in exploring the preferential methods of individuals in dealing with stressful life situations and the processes that humans used to cope with stress (14). For example, the results of the study Memarbashy et al. (2011) showed that the relationship between task -oriented coping strategy and staff health was positive and significant (13). A study by Soleimannejad et al. (2012) also showed that there is a significant and inverse relation between coping styles and mental health (15). Generally, the identification of effective forms of coping as a mediating variable in relation of stress-disease is the forefront of research in this area (16) and regarding the importance of nurses ' health in providing care to patients, conducting research on stress and coping strategies is required. Despite the recent research, review of the literature suggest that so far no study has been conducted to address the simultaneous role of stress and coping strategies in predicting the general health of nursing staff. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of stress and coping strategies in predicting the general health of nursing staff working in the Guilan University of Medical Sciences’ health centers. It is hoped that the results of this study could help the managers for planning of nursing health

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