For many years, quantitative methods for research have been used to test theories and hypotheses. Qualitative methods are still growing and in contrast to the quantitative methods, they provide a better understanding of meaning and experiences of participants. The emphasis is on the quality of experience, instead of causal relationships (Pietkiewicz & Smith, 2012). It is very important to follow a set of guidelines to provide the readers with adequate details of the research being performed and give an overview and understanding of the participants’ background lives. Elliott, Fischer, & Rennie (1999) constructed a set of guidelines to review qualitative research.
Qualitative research method has increase in developing nursing knowledge for evidence based nursing. Qualitative research is a type of scientific research and human sciences. Qualitative approach is one that primarily uses post-positivist to develop
Thus, teachers should pay attention to the high importance of motivation along with its types. Language teachers have to be familiar with the character as well as the personality of each student they are dealing with. - Keblawi 2014, carried out a study entitled: " A review of language learning motivation theories." Keblawi traces in brief the history of language learning motivation (LLM) by reviewing the main motivation theories and models that have affected its development, as well as defining the concept of motivation and on the emergence of the interest in LLM. No doubt that motivation is crucial for students' learning.
The questioner guaranteed that the subject has gotten a full exposure of the nature of the study, the dangers, advantages and alternatives, with a stretched out chance to make inquiries. There is an assurance that all the questions are asked in a way that it did not violate any other emotional or psychological damage. Any kind of communication in connection to the study ought to be finished with honesty and transparency (Bryman & Bell, 2007). The interview was conducted in a courteous
Researchers will need to have a close involvement with the participants to understand their perspective and interpretation regarding on a situation or phenomenon to develop an in-depth explanation. Qualitative research is done in a wide-angle lens as subjectivity is critical to examines the breadth and depth of phenomena. It is often designs in open-ended questions in order to analyse and interpret the data. The method for qualitative research includes ethnography, interview, historical research, participant observation and textual analysis. (Brennen, 2013) With the strengths of the both qualitative research and quantitative research, triangulation research method will be conducted to enhance and validate the research.
Bandura (1986) states that learning can occur by watching others and then modeling what they do or say which is known as observational learning. Bandura (1986) posits that virtually all learning phenomena can occur by observing other people 's behavior and consequence of it. Further he states that there are four key aspects which are attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation in Social Cognitive Theory.
The age of sampling group between 19 to 24. Besides that, the sampling group also included 25 first year students, 123 second year students, 91 third year students, and 11 fourth year students. In 5 university, Chinese in Multimedia University(MMU) yields the highest respondents. Data gathering method: The main method used for gathering the data in this journal is questionnaire. The surveyor mailed questionnaire to the respondents.
Qualitative research is good if researcher wants to explain based on a research which has resulted in comprehensive explanation. This research method enables you to understand the problem, cause and somehow solutions in depth. An advantage we have for qualitative research is its flexibility as its data collection technique varies and one can make the use of best with reference to research topic. For qualitative research you always get a room to play and get work done according to need so as a plus point we don’t need control group in this research. Qualitative can be done in focused area where it becomes less time taking and cost efficient.
This is refers to change in behavior, an external change that can be observed (Schuman 1996). Cognitive theory is an approach to psychology that attempts to explain human behaviour by understanding the thought processes. The cognitive learning theories explain why the brain is the most incredible network of information processing and interpretation in the body as we learn. Cognitive learning theory can be divided into two specific learning theories: the social cognitive theory (SCT) and the cognitive behavioural theory (CBT). Cognitive learning theories also include that of gestalt psychologist and that of cognitive revolution psychologist.
Literature Review 1. Motivation Motivation for learning second language (L2) is an important factor to make the learners learn language more effectively. Also, how teachers teach language by understanding the students’ motivation and effect for language acquisition changes students’ motivation for the class. There are some terms of motivation, and they are related to the personal goals and wishes which is the purpose of learning languages.Carroll (1981) mentioned different types of motivation which are enjoyments, entertainment, obsession, and passion. Especially, passion is the most relative factor with motivation.