Introduction This presentation on inclusive practises is intended to assist educators to meet the needs of a diverse population of children with varying cognitive abilities; developmental and learning disabilities; sensory impairments; and different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds. Below are the key learning needs identified of the chosen case study Hayley, a year 11 student with Down syndrome. I have also mentioned how to cater for the needs of all students in the classroom. The difference between differentiation and reasonable adjustments is also explained. Ways to differentiate pedagogy to meet individual needs.
According to UNESCO, inclusive education is a process of addressing and responding to the diverse needs of all children by increasing participation in learning and reducing exclusion within and from education (Nguyet and Ha 2010). Inclusive education is a process of increasing the presence, participation and achievement of all learners (Booth and Ainscow 2002). The process involves mainstreaming children with special educational needs into regular classroom settings, allowing them to learn side by side with their peers without disabilities. Inclusive education implies that children with special educational needs have to attend mainstream schools they would have attended if they did not have a disability. Mainstreaming children with special needs education has a positive impact on both social and academic learning for children with and without special needs (Farrell 2000).
Inclusive: Ensuring every child or young person has access to learning all areas of the curriculum, identifying areas that a child maybe struggling and adapting provision for this. Nothing should stop a child from learning and developing both emotionally and physically, setting a positive example and modelling good attitudes are all part of inclusive practise. Every child has the right to learn regardless of ability tasks should be set to allow for all learners to understand and to achieve the outcome in a positive way. Making observations helps to reflect on own practise to ensure that the needs of the children are being met and were adaption is needed, making sure this is done.
What is inclusion? Inclusion is a process of ‘narrowing the gap between learners with and without special educational needs’1. ‘Lessons should be planned to ensure that there are no barriers to every child achieving’2. Inclusion is ensuring that all pupils have equal opportunities, are welcomed and valued in our school community. Our ethos at Friendlydale Academy is to value every child as an individual and acknowledge that every child’s needs are special.
Inclusion is vital in helping to provide quality education for SEN pupils. “above all, inclusion is about a philosophy of acceptance where all pupils are valued and treated with respect” (Carrington & Elkins, 2002). Inclusion is often thought to be the location of your education but is more often than not about the quality of one’s education. The location has little to do with inclusion but more to do with where you feel you belong, some SEN children feel they cannot truly belong in a large mainstream school (Campbell, 2005). Sociological perspectives of inclusion often emphasis equality, respect, participation in decision making, rights, and collective belonging.
However, every student has the right to be included in an everyday classroom with non-special needs students. The following paper will present and explain inclusion’s purpose, its benefits for both special and non-special needs students, as well as its drawbacks. Literature Review This thesis paper will be carried out with the help of online research, and investigations as well as books. The Wisconsin Education Association Council (WEAC) defines inclusion as “a term which expresses commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and classroom he or she would otherwise attend.” Develop more this point
Henry Ford once said, “Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress. Working together is success” (Brainy Quote). From here, the concept of inclusive education, including students with and without learning disabilities as peers in the same classroom, originated. The aim of this type of education is to get students with learning disabilities involved in the society. Teachers and fellow students will also provide help for students with disabilities; in this way, students with learning disabilities will be motivated to study as they feel that they are a part of a group instead of being isolated in special places.
1. Special Olympics is a global organization that changes lives by promoting understanding, acceptance and inclusion among people with and without intellectual disabilities. A. Thesis: The people that help run the Special Olympics provide opportunities and help fight the intolerance, injustice, inactivity and social isolation faced by over 4 million athletes by reducing bullying and health issues among its athletes. B. Their mission statement: “To provide year-round sports training and athletic competition in a variety of Olympic-type sports for children and adults with intellectual disabilities, giving them continuing opportunities to develop physical fitness, demonstrate courage, experience joy and participate in a sharing of gifts, skills
The change from an institutional setting to a more community based setting shows a change in the attitude and believe about individuals with disabilities. Since their emancipation from institutions more than 40 years ago, the rights of persons with intellectual disabilities to participate in society have been increased with opportunities for full inclusion. The concept of inclusion encompasses both acceptance and respect. Children and adults are at risk of experiencing social exclusion and discrimination associated with their disability. While physical inclusion through accessibility change occurs, there is a lack of “feeling” a part of the community, which has some individuals with disabilities calling to action the need for social emotional inclusion.
Its important to promote a sense of belonging in the setting as when children grow up, they need to feel that they belong to the group, whether that group is their family, their culture, the community they live
The failure to implement full inclusion appropriately has numerous detrimental effects on the parties involved. One disadvantage for full inclusion is that the socialization part precedes the academic component, notwithstanding the fact that it should not be the primary goal of education. Inclusion movements aim to make disabled students look normal, overlooking the issue of whether they are undertaking educational programs or not. This can have a negative effect on the academic progress of students with disabilities because important skills are not taught for the sake of the learner making physical presence in a full inclusion classroom. Fox (2013) claims that there is a need for disabled students to reap maximum benefits from this integration.
Inclusion is one of the extremely disputable points concerning the training of students in today's general public. It is the push to put youngsters with inabilities into the general instruction classes. The primary reason for existing is to guarantee that each individual gets the most ideal placing so as to train them in the most ideal learning environment. Incorporation is an extremely gainful thought, bolstered by law that advances a balanced instruction while additionally showing acknowledgment of others. Inclusion has adjusted to allude to the incorporation of disabled students when all is said in done training classes, however there are numerous different approaches to allude to incorporation.
What is inclusive pedagogy you make ask and how will this become possible? Great questions! Continue reading and see the effective explanations I have in expounding on my philosophy. Inclusive Pedagogy is a term used to describe an emerging body of literature that advocates teaching practices that embrace the whole student in the learning process (Tuitt, 2001, p. 243). Unlike the traditional strategies such as chalk- and- talk and the whole banking system which deprive students of being whole intellectual beings.