The Disadvantages Of Urbanization

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“Today, 54 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 66 percent by 2050. Projections show that urbanisation combined with the overall growth of the world’s population could add another 2.5 billion people to urban populations by 2050, with close to 90 percent of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa, according to a new United Nations report. The largest urban growth will take place in India, China and Nigeria. These three countries will account for 37 percent of the projected growth of the world’s urban population between 2014 and 2050. By 2050, India is projected to add 404 million urban dwellers, China 292 million and Nigeria 212 million” (https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Publications/Files/WUP2014-PressRelease.pdf…show more content…
Urbanised cities have sky-high incomes and very stable economies, thus resulting in more sturdy institutional and educational platforms. They are also “better able to withstand the volatility of the global economy.” In fact, they are excellent magnets for the investment in the development of new products in the various fields such as medical and motor, and they are very well equipped in harnessing in both human and technical resources. Thus creates unprecedented gains in productivity and competitiveness, which leads to leaps and bounds in progress. In addition, “In both developed and developing countries, the urban cities generate a disproportionate share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and provide huge opportunities for investment and employment. Urban-based economic activities account for up to 55 per cent of Gross National Product (GNP) in low-income countries, 73 percent in middle-income countries and 85 percent in high-income countries.” In addition, the highly educated and thus very skilful population of urbanised cities leads to more efficiently produced goods and services. Since competition and demand are high, the diversity and extent of products and services expand. For one, the provision of supportive services such as for security, and also for transport and communication booms. Thus, these areas are efficient producers. “Improved economic and social infrastructure,…show more content…
However, the current problem is that due to the booming urban population, urbanisation is occurring so rapidly that it is causing many problems rather that fixing them. These include that current urbanisation has been causing an exponential increase in pollution. In the case of air pollution, the high number of transportation devices releases a higher number of suspended particles into the air due to the immense fuel combustion in them. These particles are released as soot, dust, lead and smoke and pose a serious threat to the health of the public. “Lead alone can cause brain damage, learning disabilities and premature death in children.” According to the World Health Organization, the maximum suspended particle concentration is 90 micrograms per cubic meter, however, the suspended particle concentration is way higher than that boundary line in urban cities with a population of 8 million or more. ( http://peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/5-major-problems-urbanization-7031.html

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