Betty Neuman Theory In Nursing

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The theorist Betty Neuman explains how the whole system affects the patient’s health and shows how the nurses are responsible for the social, mental, spiritual, physical and emotional state of the patient and not only the physical aspect. With the theory, nurses and other professionals are able to provide effective systematic nursing care to their patient using the System Model. Furthermore, her ideas give the importance on how to give the right care through stressful situations and give knowledge and development to the science of nursing. The Model also speaks to coping with unexpected situations through three prevention levels which are the primary prevention, secondary prevention, and the tertiary prevention. Generally, I choose this model…show more content…
Nursing is concerned with all the variables affecting a patient‘s response to stress, which is interpersonal, intrapersonal and extrapersonal in nature.
The concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing under the Betty Neuman system model aim towards the development of a person in a state of wellness having the capacity to function well by adapting the patient’s self to the environment.
The theory focuses on the concept of the whole person as an open system. The concept is multidisciplinary as nurses use the nursing process format and prevention as an intervention to collaborate with the healthcare team and through this model, it addresses the problem of the patient in the hospital or in healthcare
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Intervention modalities are carried out to prevent illnesses through three unique possibilities which are primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention that composed of variables that interact with the internal and external environment to achieve optimal wellness. The preventions are interventions that are used to retain, attain and maintain a system balance. Primary prevention identifies stressors before they occur. Secondary preventions are the existing symptoms that are initiated after an encounter with a stressor. Tertiary preventions are the adaptive process that restores the patient back to wellness after the treatment. The flexible line of defense, normal line of defense and line of resistance helps to protect the body basic structure.
When a person is exposed to stressor its first triggers the flexible line of defense. This line of defense acts as a barrier to prevent stressors from penetrating the body structure and protects the normal line of defense. If the patient is continuously exposed to the stressor and unable to cope with the stressor the flexible line of defense becomes altered and the stressor continues to penetrate the body structure. Once this happens a threat is present to the normal
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